||In archaeology geomorphic principles and analysis are helpful in site interpretation.
The Solverson site is located on a shoulder position of a hillslope in an upland setting
of the Driftless Area of southwestern Wisconsin. Excavations in 2000 located a
prehistoric quarry that produced several hundred flakes, cores, and debitage of
Prairie du Chien (PdC) chert that appeared to be in situ. Analysis of two soil profiles
revealed a profile sequence of A, E, Bt, and C horizons directly above
dolomite bedrock. A prehistoric surface detected at 20-25cm below ground surface
showed an increase in clay percentage and a decrease in silt and sand percentages.
A similar pattern in artifact concentrations is also present from that investigation.
Excavation continued in 2001 with the placement of another 1m x 2m unit and new
research questions involving site formation processes, prehistoric quarrying activities,
and an estimated date of occupation. This project addresses those topics.|
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